Research Papers

Term Path Alias


Challenging gender and caste identities: The women wheat farmers of Madhya Pradesh
This study finds that gender plays a far more important role than caste in structuring “who decides" among the men and women wheat farmers in Madhya Pradesh. However, women have now begun to challenge gendered caste structures that restrict them to unpaid agricultural work. Posted on 22 Nov, 2023 08:42 AM

Feminisation of agricultural labour in India

India is experiencing masculinisation of labour and while the labour force participation rate (LFPR) of men is increasing, that of women is decreasing. 

Woman harvesting wheat, Raisen district, Madhya Pradesh, India.(Image Source: © Yann Forget / Wikimedia Commons / CC-BY-SA)
Innovation in the face of CSR compliance
Firms close to the pre-tax profit threshold manipulate reported profits to just below the threshold: Study Posted on 19 Nov, 2023 07:09 PM

This study explores the impact of social policies, specifically India's Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) regulation of 2013 (Section 135), on corporate innovation.

CSR regulation mandates that qualifying Indian firms allocate 2% of pre-tax profits to CSR projects (Image: Meredith Foster, Medium)
Impact of fishing technologies on wellbeing of fisherwomen in Tamil Nadu
How has the ban on fishing technologies such as ring seine fishing affected the lives and livelihoods of fishing women from Cuddalore, Tamil Nadu? Posted on 19 Nov, 2023 11:05 AM

Technological innovations in agriculture and fishing have been thought to increase production, productivity, and income, alleviate poverty and reduce workloads. However, they can affect men and women differently by reinforcing gender inequalities, restrict access, and displace women as newly mechanised tasks become the domains of men.

Fisherwomen selling fish in the markets (Image Source: India Water Portal Flickr photos)
Unmasking gender disparities in Indian sanitation
Women's struggle for sanitation equity in rural areas and urban slums India Posted on 17 Nov, 2023 12:15 PM

Inadequate sanitation poses significant global risks, affecting over four billion people. Insufficient access to proper facilities leads to social, psychological, and physical threats, contributing to 6.3% of global deaths. India, with one billion residents, grapples with open defecation, affecting half the population.

A training exercise on water and sanitation, as part of an EU-funded project on integrated water resource management in Rajasthan. (Image: UN Women Asia and Pacific; CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 DEED)
Navigating groundwater quality: Challenges faced by farm women from Maharashtra
While the burden of managing water at the economic and domestic level still lies with farm women, has the lift irrigation scheme helped in reducing the burden on women from villages in Purandar subdistrict in Maharashtra? Posted on 15 Nov, 2023 10:45 AM

The Purandar lift irrigation scheme in Maharashtra

Women water managers in rural India. Image for representation purposes only (Image Source: IWP Flickr photos)
Advancing people-centric early warning systems
A case study on the scope and challenges of impact-based forecast and warning services for hydro-meteorological hazards in India Posted on 14 Nov, 2023 08:31 PM

Between 1995 and 2015, 90% of disasters were weather-related, causing significant human and economic losses. In 2020 alone, weather-related disasters led to 15,000 deaths and a cost of approximately US$ 171 billion. India reported a loss of 6811 lives from hydro-meteorological hazards between April 2018 and March 2021.

Community-Based Flood Early Warning System (Image: ICIMOD/Jiten; Flickr Commons)
What factors hinder the uptake of climate-smart agricultural practices among women?
Policy and implementation gaps in reaching women farmers with climate-smart agriculture practices Posted on 13 Nov, 2023 02:12 PM

In India, more than half of the net sown area is rainfed during the monsoon season, which runs from June to September. Climate change affects farming practices, which affects the crucial kharif crop and jeopardises food security. It also affects the monsoon onset in central and northern India.

There is a need to enhance extension services to women (Image: India Water Portal Flickr)
Evaluating the stability of ESG-driven indices in turbulent markets
ESG investing: A path to stability and profitability Posted on 12 Nov, 2023 11:10 AM

The pricing and market return of businesses now reflect their sustainability practices. The scarcity of resources has prompted businesses to adopt a more efficient and strategic approach to resource utilisation. This prudent resource management has heightened the significance of corporate social responsibility (CSR) and sustainability practices in today's context.

Weathering the storm and predicting future returns (Image: Mike Langridge)
Prioritise conserving peri-urban wetlands
Study reveals a decline in wetland areas, notably in peri-urban zones, driven by changing land use patterns Posted on 11 Nov, 2023 04:54 PM

Wetlands are multi-functional landscapes between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems that provide habitat for wildlife, support groundwater recharge, moderate climate, control flood and fulfill the livelihood of the communities. Covering nearly 12% of the global area, these contribute significantly to ecosystem services, sustaining human well-being.

Wetland ecosystem's health is significantly correlated with land transformation (Image: Wikimedia Commons)
Waterbirds, indicators of wetland health
Waterbirds such as Kingfishers play an important role in sustaining the integrity of wetland ecosystems and can be greatly useful as indicators in assessing the health of wetland ecosystems. Posted on 10 Nov, 2023 07:57 PM

Wetlands are unique, complex and sensitive habitats that form a connection between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems and provide a range of ecosystem services to humans. They are equally crucial for the survival of birds and provide critical foraging, roosting, nesting, chick-rearing, moulting, stop-over and wintering habitat for migratory and resident waterbirds.

Common Kingfisher in a wetland (Image Source: J M Garg via Wikimedia Commons)