Research Papers

Term Path Alias


Jharkhand's agroforestry potential
Study identifies 513 out of 32,620 villages in Jharkhand as potentially suitable for agroforestry work Posted on 16 Mar, 2023 12:29 PM

In order to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), including enhancing livelihood, decreasing poverty, preserving the environment and biodiversity, and reversing climate change, agroforestry areas should be expanded in a variety of ways.

Agroforestry crops need land with sufficient soil moisture and low erosion for their continuous growth (Image: World Agroforestry)
Water tankers help, but not “all” women
This study found that water tankers helped in coping with water scarcity and reducing the drudgery of women, but only those from the rich upper castes while reinforcing gender stereotypes. Posted on 07 Mar, 2023 12:11 PM

Accessing water for daily needs has culturally and socially been considered as gendered domestic work and the task of collecting water in rural areas where water is scarce and fetching water is extremely tedious and time consuming. 

Women carrying water in Rajasthan (Image Source: Christopher Michel via Wikimedia Commons)
Poisoned waters of Kashmir 
Indiscriminate use of pesticides has not only contaminated the freshwater resources in Kashmir valley, but also increased risks to human health. Posted on 27 Feb, 2023 03:15 PM

Pesticides and fertilisers have been used indiscriminately to increase crop yields and agricultural output in India and their excessive use has been feared to threaten human health as well as biodiversity through contamination of surface and groundwater resources. 

The Jhelum River flowing through Jammu to Kashmir, in India (Image Source: Bhoomikavinod via Wikimedia Commons)
Locally comprehensible and actionable forecasts
Uncovering knowledge and communication gaps in climate resilience realities - lessons from Indian Sundarbans Posted on 09 Feb, 2023 06:00 PM

A recent study dealing with the Indian Sundarbans, the cyclone capital of India,  uncovers how and why advances in scientific knowledge and technological developments are failing to enhance resilience of the marginal and vulnerable populations, instead continually unmaking their lived environments.

Broken houses of village in Gosaba Islands as water flooded their houses after Cyclone Aila struck this island in Sunderbans in West Bengal (Image: Anil Gulati/India Water Portal)
Study reveals Indian dams to lose 26% water storage capacity by 2050
Annually, the globally averaged losses amount to approximately 0.36% of initial global storage capacity. Posted on 08 Feb, 2023 05:13 PM

Reservoir sedimentation is often seen as a site-specific process and is usually assessed at an individual reservoir level. At the same time, it takes place everywhere in the world. However, estimates of storage losses globally are largely lacking.

Hirakud Dam is the longest dam in India (Image: India Water Portal)
Heavy metals poison Veeranam lake in Tamil Nadu
This study found large deposits of heavy metals in the tissues and organs of water birds, crabs and fish inhabiting the lake indicating heavy metal contamination of the lake waters. Posted on 25 Jan, 2023 02:26 PM

Wetlands in India, under threat!

A view of the Veeranam lake in Tamil Nadu (Image Source: Giri9703 via Wikimedia Commons)
Blue-green infrastructure solutions for resilient cities
A 10-city study on the impacts of urbanization on natural infrastructure in India Posted on 23 Jan, 2023 06:57 PM

Urban development in all forms impacts the natural landscape, changing vegetation cover, infiltration rates and hydrological (surface and sub-surface) flows. With increasing urbanization urban areas lose a host of natural infrastructure and ecosystem services as ecosystems are modified, degraded and/ or shrunk.

Study indicates that blue-green spaces in core-city and peripheral areas are differentially impacted by the growing urban footprint (Image: Emmanuel Dyan)
Can rice residues be turned into wealth?
Institutional support, monetary and proper implementation of laws along with policy framework can solve this issue, says a state-of-the-art review in crop residue burning in India Posted on 22 Jan, 2023 11:26 AM

Sustainable management of surplus paddy residue in the Indo-Gangetic plain is a back-breaking task for farmers due to lack of viable options. Eventually, farmers prefer to incinerate it mindlessly.

A controlled burn on long-term conservation agriculture trials (Image: CIMMYT)
Preventing floods through grassland conservation
This study found that replacing natural grasslands and forests by exotic species increased the likelihood of flooding during extreme rainfall events in the Nilgiris. Posted on 21 Jan, 2023 02:54 PM

Erratic rainfall patterns and the risk of floods in mountain landscapes

Grasslands interspersed with pockets of montane Shola forests in the Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu (Image Source: Anand Osuri via Wikimedia Commons)
Local recycling of moisture via wetlands and forests high in North-East India
Floods in Brahmaputra greatly increases the surficial water availability in low lying floodplains and wetlands, promoting enhanced recycling via evaporation. Posted on 21 Jan, 2023 09:49 AM

North-East India, home to the wettest place on the planet (Mawsynram), is a major biodiversity hotspot.

The region with its vast wetlands and forest cover is akin to the Amazon (Image: Ashwin Kumar, Wikimedia Commons)