Research Papers

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Preventing contamination of river Danro in Jharkhand
Local microlevel water quality assessments, proactive measures such as floating bed remediation and immediate regulatory actions are urgently need to save the river Danro from further deterioration. Posted on 22 May, 2024 02:18 AM

Rivers play a crucial role in providing water for essential daily activities like drinking, bathing, and washing besides industrial and agricultural needs. However, many of them get loaded with substantial amounts of waste from industries, domestic sewage, and agriculture, rendering rivers unsuitable for human use. 

Domestic sewage is one of the important pollutants of river Danro. Image for representation purposes only. (Image Source: Sangram Jadhav via Wikimedia Commons)
Factors influencing adaptation decisions among tribal farmers in Nagaland
How do farmers in Nagaland perceive the impacts of climate change? What do they do to adapt to these changes? What are the factors influencing their adaptation decisions? A study explores. Posted on 19 May, 2024 08:11 AM

Climate change is expected to have severe impacts on mountain ecosystems and agriculture particularly in south and central Asia. In the Himalayas, warming rates are higher than the global average, while steep topographies and shallow, nutrient-poor soils favor erosion caused land degradation.

Terrace cultivation in Nagaland (Image Source: Tewu via Wikimedia Commons)
Irrigation dominated areas and the risk of gall bladder cancer in Bihar
This study found that increase in well and canal irrigated areas was associated with a rise in the gall bladder cancer cases in Bihar due to presence of cancer causing contaminants in irrigation water. Posted on 19 May, 2024 03:13 AM

Rising gall bladder cancer in India

Groundwater irrigation and the risk of gall bladder cancer in Bihar. Image used for representation purposes only (Image Source: India Water Portal
Empowering women through socio-technical innovations
A case study of women-led climate resilient farming by Swayam Shikshan Prayog Posted on 18 May, 2024 08:49 AM

Swayam Shikshan Prayog (SSP) was founded in 1998 in Maharashtra, following a collaborative venture with the state government in the aftermath of the Latur earthquake reconstruction project, encompassing 1200 villages.

Building the resilience of women farmers (Image: ICRISAT, Flcikr Commons)
Evaluating economic indicators for a solar agriculture farm
A comparative case study of ground-mounted and agrivoltaic systems Posted on 17 May, 2024 07:54 AM

Renewable energy generation, particularly from solar power, is on the rise to lower carbon emissions. However, solar photovoltaic plants require vast tracts of land, leading to competition with agricultural land use. Agrovoltaics offer a solution by integrating solar PV systems with farming on the same land.

Solar energy and land use (Image: Rawpixel, CC0)
Highlighting the solar-agriculture-water nexus
Incentivising the use of panel cleaning robots could enhance water resource management Posted on 16 May, 2024 10:38 AM

The rapid expansion of solar energy in India presents challenges related to cropland encroachment and water-resource scarcity.

Solar Power Plant Telangana II (Image: Thomas Lloyd Group, Wikimedia Commons)
India boils as heat soars!
As temperatures soar, what should India do to adapt to changing conditions to mitigate the adverse impacts of climate change? Posted on 30 Apr, 2024 01:11 PM

India is in the hot seat as heat conditions are predicted to persist in East and south peninsular India in the days to come.

Heat waves sweep across India (Image: Maxpixel, CC0 Public Domain)
Can climate smart agriculture help India cope with droughts?
This study found that mainstreaming climate adaptation practices/strategies helped farmers build resilience against droughts by increasing production, and raising incomes and livelihood opportunities equitably.
Posted on 28 Apr, 2024 10:19 AM

Climate related natural disasters and agriculture in India

Climate related natural disasters are predicted to threaten crop productivity and thereby food security in the future in India where the damage would be severe with more than 50 percent people being directly dependent on agriculture and with about 43 percent of cultivated lands being rainfed. 

Climate resilient agriculture to cope with droughts. Image for representation purposes only. (Image Source: India Water Portal)
Enhancing livelihood security in wasteland-dominated areas
Importance of tailored strategies to address spatial inequalities and promote sustainable development Posted on 25 Apr, 2024 11:38 PM

In rural India, where agriculture remains a primary livelihood, access to basic amenities is often lacking, contributing to low livelihood security. The presence of extensive wasteland, particularly in regions like West Bengal, exacerbates these challenges, especially in socially marginalised areas.

Addressing livelihood challenges in wasteland regions (Image: Biswarup Ganguly; Wikimedia Commons)
Saving tropical riverine grasslands of the Brahmaputra floodplains
What needs to be done to save the tropical riverine grasslands of the Brahmaputra floodplains? A study finds out. Posted on 25 Apr, 2024 12:00 PM

What are grasslands

Grassland in the Kaziranga National Park in Assam (Image Source: Debabrata Phukon via Wikimedia Commons)
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